Neuropatía auditiva y cribados neonatales

Autores/as

  • German Trinidad Ramos Hospital Universitario de Badajoz. Servicio de ORL, Badajoz, España
  • Gabriel Trinidad Ruiz Hospital Universitario de Badajoz. Servicio de ORL, Badajoz, España

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51445/sja.auditio.vol4.2015.0047

Palabras clave:

neuropatia auditiva, cribado neonatal

Resumen

En las Recomendaciones de la CODEPEH 2010, se aconseja el descubrimiento de todas las hipoacusias independientemente de su etiología y severidad. La neuropatía auditiva puede pasar desapercibida en los programas basados en el uso de otoemisiones como primer nivel del cribado. Sin embargo son casos muy concretos los que pueden presentar esta patología y ello permite su descubrimiento siempre que se sigan unos criterios adecuados en los programas basados en las otoemisiones, como se viene haciendo en todos ellos. Este trabajo, además de describir esta patología en sus aspectos etiológico, fisiopatológico, clínico, diagnóstico y terapéutico, concreta aquellos antecedentes que hacen sospechar, no solo la neuropatía auditiva, también las lesiones retrococleares que por su propia localización no serían detectadas por las otoemisiones. Son los niños que pasan más de 5 días en UCIP, los que tienen toxoplasmosis, los que han tenido hiperbilirrubinemia con exanguinotransfusión y los que tienen antecedentes familiares de procesos neurológicos, especialmente aquellos con antecedentes de trastornos del Gen Otof, los que necesitan completar el cribado con potenciales evocados auditivos.

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Publicado

2015-02-01

Cómo citar

Trinidad Ramos, G., & Trinidad Ruiz, G. (2015). Neuropatía auditiva y cribados neonatales. Auditio, 4(1), 3–8. https://doi.org/10.51445/sja.auditio.vol4.2015.0047

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Sección

AUDITIO 2001-2020