Objective characterization of the air-bone gap with Steady-State Auditory Evoked Potentials in patients with conductive hearing loss

Authors

  • María del Carmen Hernández Cordero Centro de Neurociencias de Cuba. La Habana. Cuba.
  • Julianis Quintero Noa Hospital Pediátrico Docente Universitario “William Soler Ledea”. La Habana, Cuba.
  • Mabel Feria Rodríguez Centro de Neurociencias de Cuba. La Habana. Cuba.
  • Liliam Leyva Medrano Centro de Neurociencias de Cuba. La Habana. Cuba.
  • Yanely Acosta Ymas Centro de Neurociencias de Cuba. La Habana. Cuba.
  • Ileana Alonso Rodríguez Centro de Neurociencias de Cuba. La Habana. Cuba.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51445/sja.auditio.vol5.2019.0063

Keywords:

auditory steady-state responses, air-bone gap, bone conduction

Abstract

Introduction: The difference between the airway and the bone is a fundamental element for the differential diagnosis of hearing loss. Its evaluation with the Auditory Evoked Potentials is very important for the characterization of the hearing loss in the child, not being able to describe until the present moment an objective method that allows obtaining reliable results in pediatrics.

Objective: To demonstrate the usefulness of Steady State Auditory Evoked Potentials in the objective characterization of the air-bone gap in pediatric patients with transmission hearing loss.

Method: For this research, a descriptive study was carried out, in 11 children normal hearing (G1 = 15 ears) and 14 patients with conductive hearing loss (G2 = 15 ears). Behavioral and electrophysiological audiometric studies (steady state potentials) were performed.

Results: The differences between the behavioral and electrophysiological results showed similar values ​​in the 2 explored groups (G1: 2-3 dB; G2 0-4 dB), obtaining a correlation value of 0.94 in the global analysis.

Conclusion: The audiometry by means of auditory evoked potentials of stable state at multiple frequencies, scientifically reports an important objective audiological method that allows the characterization of the air-bone gap with which the different types of hearing loss in children can be differentiated.

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Published

2019-05-17 — Updated on 2021-09-15

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How to Cite

Hernández Cordero, M. del C., Quintero Noa, J. ., Feria Rodríguez, M., Leyva Medrano, L., Acosta Ymas, Y., & Alonso Rodríguez, I. (2021). Objective characterization of the air-bone gap with Steady-State Auditory Evoked Potentials in patients with conductive hearing loss. Auditio, 5(1), 17–23. https://doi.org/10.51445/sja.auditio.vol5.2019.0063 (Original work published May 17, 2019)

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Section

e-journal of audiology (archive before 2021 only in Spanish)

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